30 Apr 2020
DATE: 9 June 2018
The development in DKI Jakarta Province has resulted changes to the city’s ecosystem, including the decreasing of green open space (RTH). Reduced green open space in urban areas due to converted into housing and skyscrapers.
Regarding this matter, the 1965-1985 Jakarta Spatial Plan (RUTR) states that the urban green space area is 37 percent of Jakarta’s total area. Then, in the 1985-2005 RUTR the area decreased to 25.82 percent. Lastly, in the 2000-2010 Regional Spatial Plan (RTRW) of Jakarta’s RTH, the remaining area is 13.94 percent.
The reduction in the area of green space is expected to affect the existence of biodiversity in cities. The raise of this urban problem affects the existence of biodiversity in nature and is very interesting to be studied. Besides, the biggest threat is the poaching and trading of wildlife in urban areas.
At present, DKI Jakarta Province only has less than approximately 9 percent of green open space from the total area. Even though UU No 26:2007 regarding Spatial Planning clearly shows that a city must have a green space as much as 30 percent of the total area. An area of 30 percent from the total area is a minimum requirement to ensure the balance of a city’s ecosystems. This includes the balance of the hydrological system which is closely related to flooding and increased availability of clean air. Seeing these conditions, Jakarta is actually rather far from an ideal condition.
Despite being one of the cities with high pollution, the country’s capital should still have a variety of unique and interesting species in its open green spaces. Biodiversity that is still exist in RTH Jakarta can attract people to come to RTH and use it positively. In addition, it can also be a reminder for the government to be able to increase the area of green open space.
Based on the background above, in order to welcome the World Biodiversity Day which falls on May 22, the KEHATI Foundation’s Biodiversity Warriors held a Nature Capture, Wildlife Exhibition and Photo Competition at Dadap Merah Park, Kebagusan, South Jakarta, Saturday, (12/5). The theme of World Biodiversity Day carried out in 2018 is “Celebrating 25 Years of Action for Biodiversity”.
Capture Nature is an action to collect data, identify and document biodiversity including fungi, plants and wild animals found in an area.
The KEHATI Foundation’s Education & Outreach Staff, Ahmad Baihaqi, said the action was aimed at monitoring the presence of various types of macro-fungi, urban plants and wild animals in Dadap Merah Park, Kebagusan, South Jakarta. The observed plants are feed sources and are beneficial for wild animals, while the wild animals observed are dragonflies, butterflies, herpetofauna (reptiles and amphibians), birds and mammals.
“In addition, this action also aims to increase public awareness of the existence and important role of urban biodiversity,” said Abay, the nickname of Ahmad Baihaqi who is also a student of Biology Master Program at the National University’s Postgraduate School, Jakarta.
This activity was greeted with great enthusiasm from various groups of people and attended by dozens of volunteers from the KEHATI Foundation’s Biodiversity Warriors from the Ardea Biological Bird Club (BBC) Faculty of Biology, National University (FABIONA), Nycticorax Bird Watcher Group (KPB) UNJ Jakarta, Macata Primate Study Group (KSP) UNJ Jakarta, Comata Wild Life Study Group (KSHL) UI, Biology Master Program in the National University Graduate School, DKI Jakarta Watershed Forum, Sekolah Cikal, and the DKI Jakarta Provincial Environment Agency.
The volunteers monitor various types of macro mushrooms, plants, and wildlife by following the existing paths and all parts of the park. If a biodiversity is found, the volunteers stop for 15 minutes to identify and record the type and number of individuals.
The results of biodiversity monitoring at Taman Dadap Merah will later be posted on the website www.biodiversitywarriors.org. By the KEHATI Foundation, this information will be distributed to policy makers, environmental organizations and research institutions.
Abay hopes that in every green open space a biodiversity information board will be installed as well as a board of ban on wildlife hunting.