39 views THE STORY OF SUMATRAN TIGER CONSERVATION EFFORTS IN BARUMUN – KEHATI KEHATI

THE STORY OF SUMATRAN TIGER CONSERVATION EFFORTS IN BARUMUN

  • Date:
    30 Apr 2020
  • Author:
    KEHATI

  • Barumun Nagari Wildlife Sanctuary (BNWS) in Tapanuli Selatan, as one of the hopes for increasing the population of Sumatran Tiger. In this place, the meeting of Gadis and Monang resulted in two tiger cubs.
  • The government has a target to increase 10 % of the rare species population in 2019, one of them is Sumatran Tiger. Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) has done the Population Viability Assessment (PVA), a kind of population survey estimation in 2016. From the data, KLHK found that there is an increase in Sumatran Tiger Population, it becomes 604 individuals
  • The government through the KLHK tries to increase the tiger population in various ways, for instance, developed the tiger pocket habitats, and increasing law enforcement for wildlife trafficking. There is also a rehabilitation center for Sumatran Tiger.
  • For increasing the population of rare species and endangered, TFCA Sumatera prepared US$12.7 million with 4 priority species, which are Sumatran Rhino, Tiger, Elephant, and Orangutan. With US$42.7 allocated fund until 2023.

Its name is Gadis. It is a female tiger that got trapped on the Batang Gadis National Park (TNBG) area, Mandailing Natal, North Sumatera, One of its feet amputated because of the steel sling trap. Now, Gadis lives in Barumun Nagari Wildlife Sanctuary (BNWS) in South Tapanuli. This area places near the Barumun Wildlife Sanctuary.

 

Gadis lives with Monang. A male tiger that got saved from the hunter traps in Parmonangan village forest, North Sumatera. A wound on its feet was cured, therefore it does not need to be amputated. Monang got caught in the trap twice, luckily it can survive from both. Now, they live in the habituation cage.

 

After they met in BNWS, Gadis gave birth to two healthy cubs.

 

In the early March, I paid a visit to BNWS. I came with Indra Exploitasia, The Director of Konservasi Keanekaragaman Hayati (KKH), Direktorat Jendral Konservasi Sumberdaya Alam dan Ekosistemnya (KSDAE), KLHK, Director of Tropical Forest Conservation Action—Sumatera (TFCA—Sumatera), Samedi, and Yayasan KEHATI Executive Director, Riki Frindos, We wanted to see the growth of those 4 tigers.

 

Indra Exploitasia said the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) has done the Population Viability Assessment (PVA), a kind of population survey estimation in 2016. From the data, KLHK found that there is an increase in Sumatran Tiger Population, it becomes 604 individuals

 

“With the target of increasing 10% of the population by the end of 2019, creating new Sumatran Tiger population pockets, will be done continually,” she said.

 

The government through the KLHK tries to increase the tiger population in various ways, for instance, developed the tiger pocket habitats, and increasing law enforcement for wildlife trafficking. There is also a rehabilitation center for Sumatran Tiger.

 

Besides that, building the tiger rehabilitation center, for the victim from conflict with the human. This way, she hopes it can increase the Tiger population and suppress the extinction threats.

 

The biggest obstacles for protecting the tiger population and habitat are illegal wildlife trade, and habitat fragmentation is also another big problem, she said. Law enforcement should be done, and also creating new pockets.

 

BNWS that located near the Barumun Wildlife Sanctuary, become the model for protecting the Sumatran Tiger Population. This location is a place for the victim of the conflict between the tiger and human. When the tiger is becoming wild after the rehabilitation process, it will be released to the wild, especially in Barumun Wildlife Sanctuary.

 

“BNWS, located right in front of the SM Barumun. If the tiger can survive, it could be released to the SM Barumun. It is a part to protect the population, suppressing extinction,” Indra said. Semi-natural cages in BNWS are temporary houses for the 4 Sumatran Tiger, Gadis, Monang, and two of their cubs.

 

In Sumatera, she said, there are two Sumatran Tiger rehabilitation centers, in Dharmasraya, West Sumatera, and Tambling, Lampung. There is also BNWS. Gadis and Monang in BNWS, if they succeed to become wild again, they can go back to their natural habitat, including their cubs.

 

Some habitat studies needed to be done before the Tiger can be released into the wild, for instance, food availability. And also from the ecological aspect, is there any water sources, and social economy to see is there any near housing or not, so it will be save for both human and the tiger.

 

Conservation Fund

 

Samedi added, at this moment there are US$30 million for Conservation program. “Could be species, landscapes, or the people. That fund can be used.”

 

Special for increasing the population of rare species and endangered, TFCA Sumatera prepared US$12.7 million with 4 priority species, which are Sumatran Rhino, Tiger, Elephant, and Orangutan. With US$42.7 allocated fund until 2023.

 

In Sumatera, there are some high threats for wildlife. Deforestation is one of them.

 

“When big deforestation occurred, wildlife habitat will be fragmented, conflict with human will happened. That is not healthy, should be managed properly,” He said.

 

From the side of the wildlife, it does not sound good as well, He said. Sumatran Tiger, for example, the population is around 600, it is not a good condition for the species in the long term.