30 Apr 2020
Central Lombok—Yayasan KEHATI, PT CIMB Niaga with Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu (BP2T HHBK), Puslit Bambu Universitas Udayana, and Patuh Angen Farmer Group with tabah bamboo planting in Kawasan Hutan Dengan Tujuan Khusus Rarung (KHDTK), Central Lombok (7/2).
Attended by stakeholders and farmers from KHDTK, they harvest the first bamboo shoots from the plantation on 2015-2016. On the same occasion, they plant 3.700 more tabah bamboo in 7 hectares area. In 2015-2016, around 2.500 tabah bamboo was planted on the area as a try out for the farmers on the KHDTK area. Therefore, in the rainy season of 2019, those bamboo shoots are being harvested.
In 2018, Yayasan KEHATI, PT CIMB Niaga, BP2T HHBK, PUSLIT Bambu Universitas Udayana, and Patuh Angen group had planted 3.700 tabah bamboo in KHDTK with agroforestry system. Tabah bamboo development in KHDTK has been an effort for the enrichment of non-timber forest products that could also improve the farmers’ well-being. According to the head of KHDTK, Bintarto Wahyu Wardana, KHDTK has 325 ha with the functions as protection forest, to protect water springs, land-slide prevention, and community development.
From 325 ha, there is 415 arable land used by the community. It also has a research demonstration plot, for sunan candlenut, mastwood (Calophyllum inophyllum), terak grass for handcraft, and honey. “Forest is not only for protection, but it could also be used for the community welfare, so the forest will be protected and the people could live well,” Wahyu said.
Besides that, those efforts also in-line with the local government policy to make bamboo as one of the non-timber forest product main resources in West Nusa. According to Oman Sumantri from the West Nusa Forestry Regency Bureau, the local government decides to choose bamboo as the plant for restoration.
Preservation and utilization of bamboo also become one of the focuses from Yayasan KEHATI which since 2009 collaborated with communities, private sectors, and scientists that had done bamboo preservation, especially on the variety with economic values in Java, Bali, West Nusa, and East Nusa.
“Indonesia has so many bamboo species which now under threats. KEHATI encourages people to preserve germplasm that has economic and ecological values,” said the Yayasan KEHATI communication director, Rika Anggraini.
“In West Nusa, the results of the planting in 2016 can be seen and harvested as another alternative livelihood for the community. In Collaboration with PT CIMB Niaga, besides the seeds support, we also increase the community capacity, such as training bamboo cultivation and post-harvesting processing and packaging,” She added.
The involvement of private sectors on supporting the conservation efforts become a positive value, as a form of their concern to protect the environment and climate change mitigation. “We also care about environmental issues. Bamboo got into our consideration since 2013. Our company concern about bamboo conservation, therefore we collaborate with KEHATI,” said the Communication Development Head PT. CIMB Tbk Susi Hermanses, on the same occasion, when they gave post-harvesting tools to the Patuh Angen farmers group.
As we all know, there are more than 1.600 bamboo species, and Indonesia has 10% of it. However, from the 160 species, we have so many species that are endangered. Even though bamboo has so many benefits, for the ecology, social, cultural, and economy. From an ecological perspective, this plant is a good choice for land conservation. It can absorb water, CO2, and land-slide prevention. From the cultural sides, Indonesian people are always close to bamboo. Bamboo also can be used for art, household, housing, and foods that can improve community income.
“Tabah bamboo is one of the bamboo species that has economic prospects and potential. Bamboo can be harvested regularly until 100 years,” said the bamboo expert from Udayana University, Diah Kencana. Tabah Bamboo stem and shoots can be consumed. Bamboo shoots are the main product from the Tabah because the shoots have no bitter taste and also has a low level of HCN, so it is safe for consumption.
Diah explained that tabah bamboo targeting the export market such as Korea, Japan, and China needed a hygiene process. Besides the export market, domestic markets such as Bali still needed more supply, therefore the market for tabah bamboo is still open.
The economical aspect is also something that expected by the farmers in KHDTK. “Tabah bamboo shoots could be an alternative livelihood besides vanilla, walnuts, honey, and coffee. From the planting three years ago, tabah bamboo is ready to be harvested now,” said the head of Patuh Angen farmer group, Angen Syukri. With his group, Syukri had planted around 7.200 seedlings. Through the technology advances, the bamboo shoots that usually only last for a week, now it could last for more than a year for consumption.
Further, for food security, tabah bamboo can be a choice to be developed in West Nusa. However, it needs support from stakeholders, especially the local government, in the district, province, and local management unit.